Wind Instruments
HUAYLLIPACHA has extended their repertoire of musical instruments to include a wider range of pre-Columbian wind instruments that make this music so special. These instruments have roots extending back even before the Inca empire. THE ZAMPOÑA is a generic term for a large family of double rowed panpipes native to the South America Andean regions, each consisting of a collection of two separate groups of walled bamboo tubes strapped together into two rows with a cross-beam. In their most indigenous form, they are usually tied with lama wool. Each set of pipes can be played either by two persons or held together and be performed by one scale. Zampoñas are called Antara in Quechua (among the Quechua people) and Sikus in Aymara (among the Aymara people) its two halves are known as Ira or leader - the row with six pipes-, and Arca or follower - the row with seven pipes.ranges in sizes from the CHULI or CHILI (about 4.5) to the six foot


long TOYOS other members of the Zampoña family employ various sizing to produce different sound tone arrangements. These include: Maltas, Zankas, Bastos, Semitoyos and Toyos (in Peru-Bolivia) and rondadores and Payas (in Ecuador). The wide array of chosen names is in accordance with the instruments' regions of provenance. Some of the above named panpipes are single rowed such as the ANTARA, the RONDADOR and the Paya. Traditionally, two individuals dive the Zampoñas into its two separate rows of pipes Ira and Arca.thus, one player alone does not have the whole scale. While one of the players is "breathing" the other player is playing and vice versa. A great degree of synchronization

is required of the player to successfully accomplish this activity, which is known as jjaktasina irampi arcampi, in Aymara language or "being in agreement between the Ira and the Arca" the typical band or troupe of Zampoñeros consists of twelve to sixty panpie players, a bombo and two snare drums. The troupe divides into two equal groups of people. They then separate the instruments into their two rows. Songster performed in this manner by alternating the notes according to the pipes included in the row, which they may be holding, producing a kind of "stereo effect". THE QUENA is an ancient wind instrument of prehistoric roots The Quena can be from the bantau bamboo, wood or bone, Quenas have been found made of Llama bone, Pelican bone, Metal, Clay, Wood, Rock and even the human tibia.




The Quena is tuned in the key of Gmaj. Other members of the Quena family employ various sizing to produce different sound tone arrangements, These include: THE QUENACHO which is pitched lower than the Quena in the key of Dmaj, THE MOCSEÑO is a base flute, THE TARKAS are three primitive flutes, roughly tuned in fifths. Musician will generally play two of them at the same time while playing The Wankara drum and THE OCARINA is descended from the clay whistles of pre-Columbian South America.The modern ocarina can range from the very small Sopranino to the very large Grate base. They can be in a variety of keys and be made out of wood, clay or stone. During World War II, the U.S. Government issued plastic Ocarinas as morale boosters for its soldiers.

QUENA (Wood)










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